Great Pipe Marking Examples

To improve communication, safety and efficiency in workplaces that contain many pipes, using a pipe marking system can be very helpful. Standard pipe labels can quickly convey information about what’s inside a pipe and where it’s traveling.

The industry consensus standard for pipe marking is ANSI/ASME A13.1, which offers guidelines for color schemes, sizes and locations of pipe labels.

The color guidelines specify what colors should be used for six main types of pipe contents. The labels must use white text or black text, depending on the background color (see the chart below). There are also four additional colors that can be used at a facility’s discretion.

Pipe Labeling Colors

The size of pipe labels depends on the size of your pipes. The larger the pipe, the larger the label—and the text on the label—needs to be. Required sizes range from eight to 32 inches in length (for the whole label) with a letter height between half an inch and three-and-a-half inches, depending on the diameter of the pipe. Consult this free guide for more detailed measurement information.

Finally, labels must be placed in four main locations:

  1. On straight runs, at 25 to 50-foot intervals
  2. At locations where a pipe’s direction changes
  3. At entry points through walls and floors (on both sides)
  4. Next to flanges and valves

The labels should also be placed on the pipes at locations that are easy to read. For example, if a pipe is located on the floor, placing the label above the pipe’s centerline (closer to the top of the pipe) would make it more visible to those standing in the area.

Now, let’s take a look at some examples of pipe marking labels that achieve what they need to.

Pipe Marking, Pipe Labels

In the photo above, a standard, ANSI-compliant label is used to mark a pipe that carries compressed air. The prescribed blue background with white text is used and the text itself is sufficiently large to be seen from a distance. Arrows even point in the direction the air flows.

This label has been applied to a pipe wrap, but the wrap is not required (this facility may have found it easier to apply the label to a wrap than directly to the pipe).

Pipe Marking, Pipe Labels

This red and white label communicates the fact that this large, orange pipe contains fire protection water, which can be critical information for emergency responders during an incident. A large pipe like this needs to have a label at least 32 inches in length with three-and-a-half inch lettering, which looks to be the case here.

Also worth nothing is the placement of this label; it’s located where a pipe turns and then merges with another pipe. Whenever a pipe changes direction like this, a label is needed.

Pipe Marking, Pipe Labels

The yellow and black labels on these four pipes indicate that flammable materials travel through the pipes. These substances can be hazardous, so using easily recognizable colors for hazards is important in this location. The labels also use bold text and directional arrows, so anyone working in the area can easily tell what is in the pipes.

Placing labels like these at eye level will also help ensure people can easily read them. While we can’t be positive these labels are at eye level because of the frame of the photo, it’s worth noting that you should always think about where labels will be most visible.

Pipe Marking, Pipe Labels

ANSI specifies that facilities should place pipe labels next to all valves and flanges, as can be seen in this photo. This facility also added additional directional arrows after the branch in the pipe to clarify the direction the water flows.

This example also reinforces the importance of using a large label with large text on pipes like this one with a large diameter.

Pipe Marking, Pipe Labels

These sections of straight pipes show how to label long sections of pipe that don’t turn. These sections need to be labeled every 25 to 50 feet.

In this case, the facility did a good job of selecting where on the pipes to place the labels. These pipe markings are placed slightly below each pipe’s centerline so workers on the facility floor can easily look up and read them. If the labels were placed any higher, it would be difficult to read them from the ground, and if they were placed on the bottom of the pipes, anyone who isn’t standing directly below would struggle to read them.

Follow the Guidelines, But Consider the Context

It’s important to follow ANSI/ASME guidelines for pipe marking, but you should always do so within the context of your facility. Perhaps your workspace would be easier for employees to navigate if labels were placed at more frequent intervals on straight runs or if the text were larger. Maybe one of the optional colors like purple or white would be helpful. Create a system that is effective for your business and that will provide employees the information they need to know in the locations where they work.

If you need to print lots of pipe labels, also consider making them yourself with an industrial label printer. Learn more about pipe marking in the SlideShare below.

Pipe Marking 101 by Creative Safety Supply from Creative Safety Supply

Kaizen Event Implementation – The Manual

Kaizen Events and how to implement them

Because Kaizen is usually an event in itself, discussing the meaning and implementation of kaizen in a business setting, this book is both aptly titled as well as targeted. Making the kaizen event even more “kaizen-like” in it’s makeup is the direction of this writing by Geoffrey L. Mika.

The 292-page book begins with the history of kaizen, laying an impressive foundation and understanding of the roots of kaizen, meandering through about 30 pages discussing and presenting the various elements of kaizen.

Only then, after having built out a good understanding of the ins and outs does Mr. Mika then begin to actually get into the initial purpose of the book – to outfit the reader with a strong and useful manual for implementing a kaizen event.

Kaizen-event-implementation-manualKaizen Event Implementation Manual
Geoffrey L. Mika, published 2006, 228 pages

Originally used by Toyota, kaizen is a results-oriented tool that fosters continuous improvement. In the United States, kaizen is usually an event of from three to five days in duration.

It is comprised of intensive improvement activities directed at specific areas of a business. The main goal of kaizen is the elimination of non-value-added activities (waste) through the implementation of one-piece flow, working to takt time, and instituting a pull system.

The mantra is to manufacture only what is needed by the customer, when it is needed, and in the quantities ordered. Kaizen has been shown to collapse lead times, dramatically reduce work in process, and reduce scrap and defects while minimizing the need for capital expenditures. Its successful results across industry are real, proven, documented, and confirmed!

The first step to implementing kaizen in any organization is to provide training on the Toyota Production System (TPS). The “Kaizen Event Implementation Manual,” Fifth Edition begins with this never-before documented training material, but goes further to explain why the TPS tools, including kaizen, must work in tandem with a new way of thinking to bring about cultural change. By thinking “lean” and applying kaizen, everyone in the organization is empowered to eliminate waste, in all of its forms, at all levels, all the time.Flexibility, simplicity and the quest for constant improvement become the driving goals.

Functions Of Pipe Label Markings

Whether you own a large manufacturing business, work at an industry or in a busy office, you have definitely in one way or the other seen or been in contact with a bunch of pipes that contain certain liquids or substances in them such as waste water, oil e.t.c. you might have seen a marking on the pipe especially if it contains substances that might be harmful to your health or destructive to the environment. A good example is a pipe that has gas, oil or chemicals flowing in it. You should note that the marking and signs on the pipes are purposely put there to educate and inform  people on how to protect and void various dangers associated with the contents of the pipe.


Why Use A Pipe Label Marking?

You really don’t need to own a huge plant or run a gas and chemical plant to use pipe label markings. This is because pipe label markings can be employed in even the simplest of settings such as your kitchen or bathroom. Pipe label markings can be used in all sorts of places and can be used for numerous positive aspects.

The main aim and purpose of using pipe marking labels is to make it easy for people to quickly identify individual pipes, their use and how to manage them. It’s very important to consider proper identification of your pipes whether you are in a small house setting or in a huge industrial plant. This is because injuries that are bound to occur in both places can be avoided by using a simple pipe label marking.

Pipe label markings for both industries and at home

Pipe marking labels are very important and are actually a must have in large factories or manufacturing facilities. This is because the labels give the workers the ability to efficiently and swiftly identify huge selections of pipes in the workplace.  This is very important since the workers are able to avoid putting themselves in harms way by simply recognizing the pipe label and doing what is right. Differentiating pipes using pipe label markings is very important especially if you work in an area with different pipes each containing or transporting different substances and liquids.

In small setting such as your house, the pipes might include waste water, refrigerants, and several cooking fuels, hot water, steam or cooking gas which is very hazardous when exposed to open air.  You really need to put pipe labels on these pipes especially if you they are located in open areas and you have kids around.

Using labels and signs to send out messages

As much as we would want to shout to a fellow workmate to warn him/her of incoming dangers, they are very many other ways to act fast and warn them of incoming danger. Some of them include the use of Label Makers, wet floor signs, 5s red tags, 5s posters, 5s poster, aisle marking, floor marking, floor sign and spill kits safety signs among many others. Labels and signs are one of the most effective ways of informing people about certain dangers in the place of work. They are also convenient for marking dangerous substances and equipments which might cause serious injuries if used incorrectly. They are a really effective and standardized approach to classifying dangerous chemicals and communicating to others. Adopting this method in your place of work is bound to have a far reaching effect on the existing standards of workplace safety.

lean-newsAdopting signs and labels in your place of work

Your workers should be conversant with the signs and labels used in the place of work for this to be effective. Don’t use complex signs that are hard to understand. It’s better to put up simple, clear words, other than try and be fancy by putting up images that no one has an idea about. It’s important to note that maintaining safety in your place of work is a serious issue and jokes should not be tolerated whatever the scenario. All your employees should be informed of the new signs and labels irrespective of their years of service or working experience. Always ensure that the signs and labels in the place of work are regularly cleaned. This is because dirt or stains that form on your sign and labels can give a rather misinforming message to the recipients. You should also note that the type of color used is very important. This is because different colors portray different messages with different intensities.